唐顿庄园》1912年至1914年事件时间线。

早期事件

本节列示出本剧集开始前发生的事件

第一季 (1912–1914)

第一季第一集

本集开始于1912年4月,泰坦尼克号沉没的消息传来,一并传来的还有唐顿继承人詹姆斯·克劳利与其子帕特里克·克劳利的死讯。[37] 第一集开始时最有可能的日期为4月16日。完整分析见这里。 詹姆斯和帕特里克的追悼会在沉船三个月后举行,意味着本集结束时间在1912年7月之后。[38].

第一季第二集

本集开始于1912年9月[41],结束于至少10月[42]

第一季第三集

玛丽对土耳其大使馆专员凯末尔·帕穆克一见钟情。两人短暂的亲密被意外打断,给这个家激起一场不安定的风波。[43]

  • 1913年3月4日 - 伍德罗·威尔逊接任威廉·霍华德·塔夫脱(William Howard Taft)成为美国总统。

本集可能开始于1913年4月到5月,考虑到正处于猎狐季(fox hunting season),传统上一般在11月到4月举行[44],并且太阳在早上6点前升起[45]。在约克郡,只有在春分后太阳才会在早上6点前升起[46]。从第一集中可知黛西在早上6点敲门唤醒其它女仆,所以当她看到玛丽,科拉和安娜抬着帕穆克先生的尸体时是在早上6点前,而那时太阳已经很明显升起来了。

第一季第四集

嘉年华标志上写着日期5月29日星期四,已经是1913年。 莫斯利的疾病引发了维奥莱特与伊莎贝尔的争吵。另外,卡森担心唐顿里出了一个小偷。[47]

  • 1913年6月4日 - 妇女参政论者埃米莉·戴维森在赛马场宣扬女性投票权理想时冲到英王乔治五世马前,被踏成重伤,四日后身亡[48]。该事件在第六集开始时被提及。

第一季第五集

玛丽被介绍给一个可能的追求者,但她认为他太老且无趣。帕特莫太太担心自己或将失明。[50]

在前往花卉展时,贝茨搭乘了一辆装满干草的货车——如果正处于割晒干草的季节,很可能花卉展是在夏末举行。

第一季第六集

本集开头字幕显示“1914年5月”。

  • 1914年6月 - 西比尔觐见“国王与皇后陛下”[51]取得成功[52]

第一季第七集

本集开头字幕显示“1914年7月”,结束于8月4号或5号,因为英国在1914年8月4日晚11点对德国宣战。[54]

第一季与第二季之间(1914-1916)

  • 1914年至1916年 - 克劳利家的爱犬法老去世,罗伯特得到了一只新犬取名为伊西斯。
  • 1915年4月25日至1916年1月9日 - 加利波利战役[55],罗伯特评论说如果温斯顿·丘吉尔能在加利波利之战后重回前线,他自己有什么不可呢。
  • 1916年3月2日 - 兵役法[56]生效。这是英国军事史上首次立法征兵。本法案明确了18岁至41岁成年男性应受征召入伍。处于政治考虑,法案没有把爱尔兰纳入效力范围。第二季中,威廉·梅森约瑟夫·莫斯利[57]汤姆·布兰森都受到征召,但后两者皆因病豁免。

第二季 (1916–1919)

第二季第一集

本集开头字幕显示“1916年,索姆河”。尽管本集没有给出确切日期,但索姆河战役爆发于1916年7月1日至11月18日。

第二季第二集

本集开头字幕显示“1917年4月”。卡森发现在庄园维持传标准统越来越困难,而一位年轻军官的自杀促使伊莎贝尔考虑把唐顿庄园改造成一座疗养院。[60]

  • 1917年4月6日 - 美国总统伍德罗·威尔逊请求国会发起“一场结束所有战争的战争”以“让民主在世界生根发芽”。国会响应而对德意志帝国宣战。[61][62]
  • 1917年7月17日 - 由于英国国内反德情绪高涨,乔治五世发布王室公告,将英国王室姓氏由德国姓氏萨克森-科堡-哥达(韦廷王朝的分支)改为英国姓氏温莎。[63]

第二季第三集

唐顿改造成伤兵疗养院后,马修带着一位将军来访,但汤姆却打算制造一个意外。拉维尼娅似乎在隐藏着什么。[64]

汤姆·布兰森提到克伦斯基出任俄国总理。该事件发生于1917年7月2日,同年11月7日,克伦斯基在十月革命中被罢免。[65]汤姆继续说道沙皇“和他的全部家人被囚禁在亚历山大宫”。罗曼洛夫一家在8月被转移到乌拉尔的托博尔斯克(Tobolsk),综合以上情况并考虑到消息传播时间可知,本集时间应在1917年7月与9月初之间。[66]

第二季第四集

伊莎贝尔与科拉之间蔓延着紧张的气氛。埃塞尔与布赖恩特少校的调情给自己带来不小麻烦。马修被令人担忧的消息困扰着。布兰森表明了他对西比尔的感觉。[67]

  • 1918年2月6日 - 1918年《人民代表法案》[68]生效,保障了部分妇女的投票权[69]伊迪丝·克劳利第三季第四集中提到此事,并说自己因为未满30岁或并非土地所有者还是没有投票权。

第二季第五集

本集开头字幕显示“1918年,亚眠"a。亚眠会战的主要战斗发生在1918年8月8日到12日之间。

汤姆·布兰森提到“他们射杀了沙皇全家” 。罗曼诺夫家族被杀害的时间是1918年7月17日[70],合理的推断是汤姆指的是更早些时候发生的某一事件。

第二季第六集

卡莱尔威胁玛丽称如果她胆敢离开他,便一定会毁了她。一位少校来到唐顿——但他真是自己所声称的人吗?贝茨听闻薇拉已经成功破坏了自己的离婚计划。[71]

  • 1918年11月11日 - 本集结束于一战停战当日(第一次贡比涅停战协定)[73],后来英联邦国家把这天定为阵亡将士纪念日(Remembrance Day)罂粟花义卖日(Poppy Day) ,美国则定为退伍军人节(Veterans Day)[74].

第二季第七集

本集开头字幕显示“1919年”。

西比尔与布兰森的秘密能守多久?Carlisle puts Anna in a difficult position, Bates is left reeling from the news about Vera, and Thomas embarks on a new scheme.[75]

  • 1919年3月7日 - 加拿大的大干线太平洋铁路(GTPR) 拖欠贷款后被国有化。GTPR为大干线铁路公司(GTR) 所有,其总部设在英格兰,罗伯特将科拉的一大笔钱投资于该公司[76]。这次投资带来的严重经济后果将会在1920年春浮现。

第二季第八集

本集开始于1919年4月。[77]

With the wedding approaching there is excitement in the air, but will Branson's plans rattle everyone? A decisive Anna forces Bates to think about their future.[78]

  • 1919年4月13日 - 印度旁遮普地区发生阿姆利则惨案(又称札连瓦拉园屠杀)。在准将雷金纳德·戴尔的命令下,英军向抗议群众开枪。射击持续十分钟,并将火力集中在几处人群密集逃出的大门口。英国政府给出的伤亡数字为370人死亡1200人受伤,而印度国会方面的说法是约1000人死亡1500人受伤。[79] 伊莎贝尔·克劳利休·麦克莱尔辛德比夫人第五季第八集中谈到此事。
  • 1919年6月28日 - 凡尔赛条约[80] 签署,正式结束了德国与协约国(美国除外)之间的战争状态。美国在诺克斯-波特决议(Knox–Porter Resolution)下进行单独的条约谈判。[81].

2011圣诞特辑

1919年圣诞。

Downton Abbey is hosting a lavish party, yet despite it being the season of goodwill, tensions are rife and Bates's arrest has cast a shadow over the festivities.[82] b

结束于1920年1月12日仆人舞会,马修向玛丽求婚。[83].

  • 1920年1月16日 - 美国颁布禁酒令。罗伯特在第四季第八集里提到此事,从美国回来的他感慨“能在公共场合喝酒不用担心警察找你麻烦,这感觉真不错。”“禁酒令赶快撤销吧”,并暗示“哈罗德有些门路(能弄到私酒)”。

第三季 (1920–1921)

第三季第一集

本集开头字幕显示“1920年春”。

Cora's mother arrives for Matthew and Mary's wedding, but with the couple's relationship under strain will they even make it to the altar? Robert has some shocking news.[84]..

第三季第二集

In the hope of financial rescue from her American grandmother, Mary conspires with Violet to make sure Downton puts on a bigger show than ever before.[85]

第三季第三集

Edith's big day finally arrives, but will the family be convinced that Strallan's age does not matter? Mary takes matters into her own hands - but the price could be high.[86]

第三季第四集

Branson's political views land him in hot water and Sybil's loyalty is tested to the limit. Ethel is torn between head and heart as she makes a decision about her son's future.[87]

本集开始于1920年8月18日前c, 更确切的是在8月11日前。[88]

第三季第五集

An exciting offer for Edith divides opinion. Isobel throws Ethel a lifeline. New maid Ivy is attracting attention below stairs, and Alfred's interest is resented by Daisy.[89]

Also notable, the death of Lady Sybil in this episode.

第三季第六集

Tempers fray as Isobel's kind gesture backfires. Branson's decisions are put under scrutiny. As Bates's chance of freedom slips away, he goes to extreme lengths.[90]

第三季第七集

Anna's patience is finally rewarded. Edith has an unexpected admirer. Matthew refuses to back down over his concerns. Branson's plans for the christening cause consternation.[91]

第三季第八集

本集开始于1920年8月11日前,结束于1920年9月30日或之前。[92]

The annual cricket match brings out Robert's competitive side.d As Violet's great niece Rose arrives, a trip to London reveals there is more to her than meets the eye.[93]

  • 唐顿庄园与村庄年度板球赛成功举办,庄园队获得胜利。
  • 罗斯·麦克莱尔拜访唐顿。
  • 伊迪丝,罗斯与马修前往伦敦,并在罗莎蒙德·派恩斯威克家中停留。
  • 罗斯在蓝龙俱乐部遇见特伦斯·玛加岱尔
  • 玛丽与马修到伦敦分别拜访了赖德医生咨询生殖健康问题。
  • 伊迪丝拜访了迈克尔·格雷格森,发现他有一个妻子,然而迈克尔称她有精神疾病。
  • 贝茨与安娜搬进唐顿村的一间小屋。
  • 罗伯特·克劳利提拔托马斯·巴罗为副管家,吉米·肯特为第一男仆。
  • 埃塞尔·帕克斯拒绝了伊莎贝尔·克劳利的雇佣,选择去为沃森太太工作,因为后者距离布赖恩特一家和她儿子查理·帕克斯较近。
  • 汤姆和小西比尔准备和留在唐顿庄园和家人一起生活,直到西比再长大些。


  • 1920年8月11日 - 庞氏骗局的发明者查尔斯·庞兹的“计划”破产,第二天被捕。
  • 1920年8月18日 - 美国批准宪法第十九条修正案,保障妇女普选权[94]第三季第四集中罗伯特提及此事。
  • 1920年9月3日 - 第三季第七集中提到的电影《赖婚》(Way Down East)[95]在美国上映。 [96]

2012圣诞特辑

本集开头字幕显示“一年后”。

本集开始于1921年[97]9月[98]

  • 1921年3月4日 - 沃伦·G·哈丁[99]接任伍德罗·威尔逊成为美国总统。尽管剧中没有提到他的名字,正是在他的任期内发生了“茶壶山丑闻”,牵扯到科拉的弟弟哈罗德·莱文森

The family receive a warm welcome at Duneagle Castle, visiting Rose and her parents in the Highlands. But there is no disguising the tensions between their hosts.[100]

第三季与第四季之间(1921-1922)

第四季 (1922—1923)

本季开始时距离2012圣诞特辑结束6个月,跨度为1922年2月至1923年夏季。[101][102]

第四季第一集

本集开始于1922年2月,距离马修·克劳利死亡6个月。

第四季第二集

本集开始于1922年4月或之后,因为吉米·肯特菲莉丝·戴尔将会在伦敦演出“玫瑰小姐” 后出现在纽约。而历史上她出现在这次音乐节的时间是1922年2月21日至4月之间。

第四季第三集

第四季第四集

第四季第五集

第四季第六集

第四季第七集

第四季第八集

  • 1922年10月22日 - 安德鲁·博纳·劳(Andrew Bonar Law)接任大卫·劳合·乔治成为英国首相。
  • 1922年11月4日 - 考古学家霍华德·卡特[105]在埃及帝王谷[106]发掘出图坦卡蒙之墓[107]。尽管剧中并未提到此事,但这次考察是由第五任卡那封伯爵乔治·赫伯特[108]资助的,而伯爵拥有的海克利尔城堡正是唐顿庄园的拍摄地。克劳利家养过的两条狗法老伊西斯(古埃及的主神之一)暗指这个联系。第五任卡那封伯爵于1923年4月5日死于因蚊虫叮咬感染的丹毒[109]和败血症。第一季伊莎贝尔·克劳利曾将莫斯利先生误诊为同样的情况。
  • 1922年12月6日 - 爱尔兰独立被正式承认。[110]
  • 1923年1月1日 - 运营唐顿火车站所在线路的东北铁路公司(NER)[111] 并入新成立的伦敦与东北铁路公司(LNER)[112]
  • 1923年4月26日 - 约克公爵阿尔伯特亲王在威斯敏斯特教堂与伊丽莎白·鲍斯-莱昂结婚。[113]
  • 1923年5月22日 - 斯坦利·鲍德温(Stanley Baldwin)接任安德鲁·博纳·劳成为英国首相。

2013圣诞特辑

本集开始于1923年4月至8月间[114],最有可能是5月。

第四季与第五季之间(1923-1924)

  • 1923年8月2日 - 沃伦·哈丁死后,卡尔文·库利奇(Calvin Coolidge)[115]继任美国总统。
  • 1923年11月8日 - 阿道夫·希特勒与冲锋队在慕尼黑一家叫贝格勃劳凯勒(Bürgerbräukeller)的啤酒馆内的公共集会上发起暴动。次日他们游行至巴伐利亚战争部。4名警察与16名纳粹党[116]成员在对抗中丧生,两日后希特勒被捕。史称“啤酒馆暴动”[117]
  • 1923年11月16日 - 德国发生恶性通货膨胀,1美元可兑换4,210,500,000,000德国马克。新的货币地租马克取代了一文不值的国家银行马克。[118]
  • 1924年2月1日 - 英国承认苏联。[120].

第五季 (1924)

第五季第一集

本季开始于1924年2月15日至17日之间。[121].

第五季第二集

本季开始于1924年4月,时值大英帝国博览会举办前后。[122].

  • 1924年2月26日至4月1日 - 审判阿道夫·希特勒。罗伯特与伊迪丝在第五季第四集中谈论迈克尔·格雷格森时提及当前对“褐衫”领袖的审判。第五季第六集中科拉说希特勒被判入狱五年。判决发生在1924年4月1日。
  • 1924年4月23日 乔治五世首次在温布利体育场举行的大英帝国博览会[123]上通过BBC宣布博览会开幕,成为第一个使用无线电广播进行演讲的英国君主。克劳利一家和仆人们在唐顿内通过广播收听了这次演讲。

第五季第三集

第五季第四集

第五季第五集

本集开始于1924年9月22日之后。[124]

第五季第六集

第五季第七集

  • 1924年9月22日至10月17日间[126] - 克劳利家的狗伊西斯去世。

第五季第八集

本集开始于1924年10月25日的前两周[127]

2014圣诞特辑

第五季后

注释

  • a In Episode 2.05, there is a continuity error. The date of death given on William's marker at his grave reads "26/07/18"; that is, 26 July 1918. The Battle of Ameins was fought from 8–12 August 1918. Since both of these pieces of information cannot be right, it may be that William's death date should really be 26 August 1918.
  • b Jessica Brown Findlay and Allen Leech did not appear as Lady Sybil Branson and Tom Branson respectively, though it is revealed that they are now married and Sybil is pregnant.
  • c In this episode Robert says that "Tennessee is going to ratify the 19th Amendment". The ratification of the amendment happened on 18th August, 1920.[130]
  • dCricket is a sport played outdoors in the warmer months of the year generally from mid-April to September, and given that the weather in this episode looks sunny with people wearing summer clothes we can probably place this episode in the summer of 1920.

参考

  1. Series 1 Press Pack: "Downton is the home of the Crawleys, who have been the Earls of Grantham since 1772"
  2. 罗伯塔参加了勒克瑙之围(the siege of Lucknow),在这场战斗中她“给枪上膛”。而她需要年满17岁才能法定参军。
  3. 唐顿庄园第二季剧本(官方) 第495页,朱利安·费罗斯的标注说,“本剧开始于1912年,我们需要维奥莱特大约70岁的样子。这意味着她出生于1842年并在1860年步入社交界,在踏入婚姻的牢笼前还能享受些许调情的时光。”通过这些标注,我们把老夫人的生日定为1842年。
  4. The main façade of Grantham House bears the inscription "RESTITVTA ANNO DOMINI MDCCCXLIX". (2013 Christmas Special). "Restituta" means "restored"; Bridgewater House (whose exterior serves as "Grantham House" in the show, was originally built c. 1626, but was renovated by Charles Barry in the 1849s. Barry was also the architect who built Highclere Castle (which serves as "Downton Abbey") at around the same time.
  5. 唐顿庄园第一季剧本(官方) page 71 states that Isobel is an "attractive woman in her fifties" meaning that she was born between 1853 and 1862; being born in 1853 would make her 59 and being born in 1862 would make her 50.
  6. Siege of Lucknow
  7. First Odessa pogrom
  8. Violet says that she was "recently married" in 1860 to Rose in an attempt to cheer her up in the 2012 Christmas Special. As well as this, she specifies that she attended her first Gillies Ball after being married in 1860. The Gillies Ball takes place in September.
  9. In Downton Abbey: Series 2 Scripts (Official): Page 7 Robert is described as "someone of fifty" indicating, as the first episode is set in 1916, that he was born in 1866.
  10. Rosamund's age is unspecified in the show, but she is either older or younger than Robert, putting her birthdate in the 1860s or 1870s. She is also stated to be alive by 1874, when her parents travelled to Russia.
  11. Harold's age is unspecified, but he is either older than Cora, making him born before 1868, or younger, making him born in 1869 or later.
  12. Second Odessa pogrom
  13. Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  14. Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia
  15. 第五季第八集
  16. A woman has her season, typically, at 17 and, depending on whether she was born in the 1860s or 1870s, Rosamund would have been presented sometime in the late 1870s or late 1880s and married Marmaduke at some point after her season. These dates also take into account the fact that Rosamund could, like Rose, have had a late season and been in her 20s.
  17. Rosamund informs Lavinia in Series 2 that she and Marmaduke "bought the house when we were married."
  18. Downton Abbey Season 1 Press Pack: Page 7
  19. While the Downton Abbey Season 1 Press Pack says that Robert and Cora married in 1889, Episode 5.01 shows the couple celebrating their 34th wedding anniversary in 1924.
  20. On Episode 5.01, Robert and Cora's wedding anniversary is said to be on "the 16th" and Ramsay MacDonald is implied to be recently put in office; Ramsay MacDonald became Prime Minister - for the first time - on 22nd January 1924. The episode cannot be set in January as their anniversary is "the 16th" and MacDonald was not in office until the 22nd, making February the earliest that the episode - and in turn Robert and Cora's anniversary - can be set. Furthermore, Mrs Hughes says that the wedding anniversary falls on a Saturday, and 16 February was indeed a Saturday in 1924. The only other Saturday was August, but as Episode 5.02 shows King George Speaking from the British Empire Exhibition (which he did on 23rd April, 1924) the episode cannot be set in August.
  21. Downton Abbey Season 1 Press Pack: Page 7
  22. Episode 3.01 and 2013 Christmas Special
  23. 2013 Christmas Special: Martha confirms that Harold has not been to England since "[Cora's] wedding".
  24. 第五季第五集,第五季第七集
  25. In Episode 3.04 Robert says that "Tennessee is going to ratify the 19th Amendment". The ratification of the amendment happened on 18th August, 1920 - as seen by 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Women's Right to Vote, National Archives, retrieved 31st August, 2013 - and cricket is played in Episode 3.08. The cricket season for 1920 ended on 30th September. Baby Sybbie is born between the two dates and for Sybil to be "24" (with the episode set in 1920 and her birthdate being 1895) she cannot have yet celebrated her 25th birthday.
  26. The following conversation occurs in the Series 1 Script Book.
    • Anna: I wonder what that Mr Molesley makes of them.
    • William: Mr Bates, you know Mr Molesley, don't you?
    • Bates: I do. We were footmen together. In a house near Stafford. Before the South African War.
  27. 布尔战争
  28. All based on medals worn on the day of the WWI memorial presentation in episode 5.08.
  29. Isobel, in Episode 1.02, says that she "trained to be a nurse" during the Boer War. Though she doesn't mention the war by name, it is very likely to be this war she is referring to.
  30. "John Bates. He must have left the army about eight years ago." --Anna inquiring about him to an NCO, episode 1.07
  31. Bates confirms, in the 2012 Christmas Special, that the family travelled to Duneagle "every year" except for 1914 - 1918 because of the war and 1920 due to Sybil's death.
  32. This event, though happening in an undisclosed year, has to have happened at some point in the years before 1912 as Doctor Clarkson knows of Reginald's works.
  33. Doctor Clarkson says he is "familiar" with Reginald's work on Dropsy and that it is a "new procedure" in 1912, meaning the notes were published comparatively recently.
  34. 乔治五世
  35. 爱德华七世
  36. In Series 1 Episode 6 Violet says that Susan must have "forgotten the layout of the house" implying that it has been - at least - several years since Susan came to Downton.
  37. Downton Abbey: Episode 1 , itv Player, itv.com.
  38. Downton Abbey Series 1 Official Script: Page 29. A discussion between Murray and Robert occurs.
    • Murray: "It was right to bury Mr Crawley in Canada. In fact I hear the Canadians are making quite a thing of the Titanic cemetery."
    • Robert: "It seems strange to have buried James without Patrick."
    • Murray: "They may still find some trace of him."
    • Robert: "After three months? I doubt it. No, I'm afraid Patrick was food for the fishes long ago."
  39. 马可尼丑闻
  40. Isobel mentions, when they arrive at Crawley House, that Matthew liked Robert when he "met him a month ago." As the episode begins in September, the meeting took place in August.
  41. In Episode 1 Sybil says they can be "out of full mourning by September"; as they're in half mourning in Episode 2 it places the episode firmly in Spetember 1912
  42. Mary says, in Episode 1.02: "I’m afraid Papa wants to teach Granny a lesson. Poor Granny, a month ago these people were strangers - now she must share power with the mother and I must marry the son." meaning that it has been at least a month between Matthew and Isobel's arrival and the scene of Sybil and Mary discussing mourning.
  43. Downton Abbey: Episode 3 , itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  44. Fox Hunting Season
  45. Rising and setting times for the Sun in York
  46. Vernal Equinix
  47. Downton Abbey: Episode 4, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  48. Emily Davison
  49. Albanian Independence
  50. Downton Abbey: Episode 5 , itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  51. Violet to Sybil: "Well, I doubt I'd expect to curtsey to Their Majesties in June, when I'd been arrested at a riot in May. But them I'm old. Things may be different now." --Episode 1.06
  52. Cora to Sybil:"You were a great success in London, darling. Well done." --Episode 1.07
  53. Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
  54. World War I, July Crisis
  55. Gallipoli Campaign
  56. Military Service Act
  57. This would imply that Molesley was 41 or younger in 1916, however series 5 establishes that he was 43 at the time. The age was extended to 51 in 1918.
  58. Ireland - Steps to independence
  59. Battle of Jutland
  60. Downton Abbey: Episode 2, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  61. United States declaration of war on Germany
  62. American entry into World War I
  63. House of Windsor
  64. Downton Abbey: Episode 3, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  65. Russian Revolution
  66. Nicholas II - Final months and execution
  67. Downton Abbey: Episode 4, itv Player, exact quote.
  68. Representation of the People Act
  69. Women's suffrage in the United Kingdom
  70. Killing of the Romanov family
  71. Downton Abbey: Episode 6, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  72. 1918 flu pandemic
  73. First Armistice at Compiègne
  74. Armistice Day
  75. Downton Abbey: Episode 7, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  76. Grand Trunk Railway - Bankruptcy and nationalisation
  77. In Episode 2.07 Lavinia says that She and Matthew are marrying in "April"; so Episode 2.08, when their wedding was supposed to take place, is set in April. As it is after the armistice of November 1918, this means it is 1919; as well as this, Mary says that there are "Three full days" left until the wedding, thus backing up Lavinia's words.
  78. Downton Abbey: Episode 8, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  79. 阿姆利则惨案
  80. Treaty of Versailles
  81. Knox–Porter Resolution
  82. Downton Abbey: Episode 1: Downton Abbey Christmas Special 2011, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  83. Downton Abbey Scripts (Official): Page 532. A conversation between Carson and Mrs Hughes takes place:
    • Mrs Hughes: I think I'll say goodnight. I've got a long day tomorrow.
    • Carson: I don't envy you.
    • Mrs Hughes: I can't bear to think about it. What can they want from me?
    • Carson: Just do your best, and you'll be home before you know it.
    • Mrs Hughes: And what news will I bring with me? That reminds me. What should we do about the Servants' Ball? It's only five days away. Can we delay it?
    • Carson: But the Servants' Ball is always held on the twelfth of January, the birthday of the first Countess.
    • Mrs Hughes: I don't care if it's the birthday of Chu Chin Chow. This year, should we hold it back?
    • Carson: The verdict will guide us to the appropriate response.
    As the Servants' Ball is not moved back and takes place - Thomas even expresses doubt that they can get it ready in so little time - we can be sure it takes place on the twelfth of January.
  84. Downton Abbey: Episode 1, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  85. Downton Abbey: Episode 2, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  86. Downton Abbey: Episode 3, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  87. Downton Abbey: Episode 4, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  88. Robert mentions Charles Ponzi in 3.08 with his scheme having not yet collapsed.
  89. Downton Abbey: Episode 5, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  90. Downton Abbey: Episode 6, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  91. Downton Abbey: Episode 7, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  92. Robert mentions Charles Ponzi. The scheme that now bears his name came crashing down on August 11 and he was arrested the following day. As well as this, the cricket season for 1920 ends on 30th September 1920 and cricket is played in the episode, meaning that the episode is set sometime between the 10th of August (which is the latest date BEFORE the collapse) and the 30th of September.
  93. Downton Abbey: Episode 8, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  94. Universal suffrage
  95. 赖婚
  96. This presents a problem for the timeline because episode 5.08 must occur prior to the Ponzi scheme's collapse on August 11, while episode 5.07 must occur after the release of Way Down East on September 3.
  97. The title screen for 第三季第一集 says that that episode is set in Spring 1920; the 2012 Christmas Special is, by the previous reference, confirmed to be set in September, and as this is a year after 1920, it must be 1921.
  98. A racy new maid, another shock for Lady Edith and simmering tension between Matthew and Lady Mary. Hold on to your hats as Downton decamps to Scotland, Nicole Lampert, dailymail.co.uk, 22:31, 21st December, 2012.
  99. 沃伦·G·哈丁
  100. Downton Abbey, itv Player, itv.com, exact quote.
  101. 'Downton Abbey' Season 4: Does Thomas tell Lady Cora about the soap incident?, Andrea Reiher, Zap 2 it, 6th August, 2013.
  102. Downton Abbey Season 4 preview gets rave reviews, ITV.com/news, 14th August, 2013. Quote: "The show will return to ITV 1 in the Autumn with the first episode set in 1922, six months after the death of Matthew Crawley in a car accident, which was revealed in last year's Christmas episode."
  103. 胰岛素
  104. Teapot Dome investigation
  105. 霍华德·卡特
  106. 帝王谷
  107. 图坦卡蒙
  108. 第五任卡那封伯爵乔治·赫伯特
  109. 丹毒
  110. Ireland independence
  111. North Eastern Railway
  112. London and North Eastern Railway
  113. Wedding of Prince Albert, Duke of York, and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
  114. Official Debrett's season dates
  115. Calvin Coolidge
  116. NSDAP (Nazi Party)
  117. Beer Hall Putsch
  118. Hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic
  119. Joseph Stalin
  120. Soviet Union
  121. Robert and Cora's anniversary is said to be on "The 16th" and Ramsay MacDonald is implied to be recently in office; Ramsay MacDonald became Prime Minister - for the first time - on 22nd January 1924. The Episode cannot be set in January as their anniversary is "the 16th" and MacDonald was not in office until the 22nd, making February the earliest that the episode - and in turn Robert and Cora's anniversary - can be set. As well as this, Jimmy says that he sent Lady Anstruther another Valentines card that year, making the episode after the 14th. The Fire of Edith's bedroom is set on the night after the anniversary, meaning that it is the morning of the 17th. As well as this, Robert and Cora's anniversary party falls on Saturday the 16th. In 1924, the 16th only fell on a Saturday in the months of February and August. As King George V is heard on the wireless and spoke in April, 1924, 第五季第集1 takes place in February.
  122. King George V spoke from the British Empire Exhibition on 23rd April, 1924 and the events of the Episode take place before, during and after the speech, placing the Episode firmly in April.
  123. British Empire Exhibition
  124. Bernard Fitzalan-Howard, 3rd Baron Howard of Glossop makes an appearance at Lord Grantham's cocktail party, and is already introduced as "The Lord Howard of Glossop". His father, Francis Edward Fitzalan-Howard, from which he inherited the title, died on 22 September, 1924 (see here), and Lady Grantham makes a passing reference to his death.
  125. 1924 in the United Kingdom
  126. Some time after the death of Francis Edward Fitzalan-Howard and at least seven days before the wedding of Rose MacClare.
  127. Mrs. Hughes tells Inspector Vyner that the family will be in London all the next week, early on in 第五季第八集.
  128. Given:
    • The WWI presentation is on the 25th of the month and they will have just been back from the wedding.
    • The wedding occurred on a Friday immediately before.
    • Episodes 5-8 occurred after the death of Baron Howard on Sept. 22, 1924.
    • And before Christmas of the same year.
    The only date meeting all these criteria is Friday, October 24, 1924.
  129. This took place after the unveiling of the World War memorial at Downton, and certainly before the tenth of December, which is the end of the grouse season, as stipulated by Game Act 1831.
  130. 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Women's Right to Vote, National Archives, retrieved 31st August, 2013.
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